Is Farquhar the founder of Singapore?
William Farquhar was installed as the first British Resident and Commandant of Singapore following the establishment of a British trading post on the island by then Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen, Sir Stamford Raffles, on 6 February 1819.
Who actually found Singapore?
Thomas Stamford Raffles (Sir) (b. 6 July 1781, off Port Morant, Jamaica–d. 5 July 1826, Middlesex, England)1 is known as the founder of modern Singapore.
What happened to Raffles after he founded Singapore?
Raffles returned to British Bencoolen (Sumatra) the day after the signing of the treaty, leaving Major William Farquhar as the Resident and Commandant of the new settlement, supported initially by some artillery and a single regiment of Indian soldiers.
Why was Farquhar fired?
Farquhar’s justification was that these measures were necessary to ensure the survival of the newly established trading post. … The conflict with Raffles came to a head during Raffles’s final stay in Singapore from 1822 to 1823, and led to Farquhar’s dismissal on 1 May 1823.
Where does the name Farquhar come from?
Farquhar is a surname of Scottish origin, derived from the Scottish Gaelic fearchar, from fear (“man”) and car (“beloved”). Farquharson is a further derivation of the name, meaning “son of Farquhar”. The name originated as a given name, but had become established as a surname by the 14th century.
Who was the first founder of Singapore?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819.
What was Singapore called before?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
Why did Singapore get kicked out of Malaysia?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
How long was Singapore a British colony?
The Crown colony was dissolved on 16 September 1963 when Singapore became a state of Malaysia, ending 144 years’ of British rule on the island.
What did Raffles do wrong?
His rule over the island was marked by conflict and poor financial performance. Most notably, there was a scandal named the ‘Banjarmasin Outrage’, where Raffles kidnapped women and forced them into sexual servitude. Evidence for this can be found in academic Syed Hussein Alatas’ book, ‘Raffles: Schemer or Reformer’.
Who came to Singapore 1819?
1 Feb 1819: Sultan Hussein (Tunku Long) arrives from Riau. 6 Feb 1819: The Singapore Treaty is signed between Raffles, the Sultan and the Temenggong, with commanders from the accompanying seven ships witnessing the event.
Why was Singapore suitable as a trading port?
Singapore’s excellent location along the Maritime Silk Road meant it was easy for traders to stop by with goods. When Singapore was set up as a free port in 1819, it allowed goods to be traded freely without anyone having to pay heavy fees. … When sea trade increased, so did businesses and jobs.