When did the Encomienda system start in the Philippines?

What is the encomienda system in the Philippines?

Encomienda, in Spain’s American and Philippine colonies, legal system by which the Spanish crown attempted to define the status of the indigenous population. It was based upon the practice of exacting tribute from Muslims and Jews during the Reconquista (“Reconquest”) of Muslim Spain.

How long did the encomienda system last in the Philippines?

In the Philippines, encomienda was maintained until the middle of the 5eventeenth century. The situation remained the same save that there was a slightly higher proportion of royal than private grants during the latter half of the century.

What are the effects of encomienda system in the Philippines?

The encomienda system allowed the Conquistadors to get rewarded for their role in conquering New Spain. It also was a good way of extracting wealth from the land. It hurt the Spanish overall, to some extent, by making it harder to attract lots of Spanish to colonize.

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What is the main purpose of the encomienda system?

Derived from the Spanish verb encomendar (to entrust a mission for someone to fulfill), the mission of the encomienda was to care for and protect indigenous people by awarding part of their labor and produce to men who had served the crown—encomenderos.

Who are the Indios in the Philippines?

The indigenous peoples of the Philippines were referred to as Indios (for those of pure Austronesian descent) and negritos. Indio was a general term applied to native Austronesians as a legal classification; it was only applied to Christianised natives who lived in proximity to the Spanish colonies.

Why did African slavery replace the Encomienda system?

What replaced the Encomienda System? It was gradually replaced by African slave labor because Africans were more immune to European diseases than Natives.

Why did the Crown prefer the Encomienda system vs slavery?

The Crown opted for the encomienda, however, to secure its rule and to satisfy an ideological bias against slavery. hand, the institutional structure has led to relative stagnation. to Spanish America where institutions were created with little economic or political freedom.

What was the real motivation behind the Encomienda system?

What was the real motivation behind the Encomienda system? To promote peaceful relations between the native peoples and the European explorers.

What led to the Encomienda system?

Cause & Effect: The cause of the Encomienda system was the Spanish crown offering land and Indian slaves to conquistadors going to the new world. The effect was heavy depopulation of Indians from brutality and disease leading into African slaves becoming a new labor force. You just studied 15 terms!

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What is Encomienda in Tagalog?

Translation for word Encomienda in Tagalog is : dokumentasyon.

How was the Philippines treated under Spanish rule?

The Spanish accomplished little in the Philippines. They introduced Catholicism, established a Walled City in Manila but ultimately they were disappointed because they couldn’t find spices or gold (gold was only discovered in large quantities after the Americans arrived).

What was the Mita system?

Repartimiento, (Spanish: “partition,” “distribution”) also called mita, or cuatequil, in colonial Spanish America, a system by which the crown allowed certain colonists to recruit indigenous peoples for forced labour.