Who was the second resident of Singapore?

What did John Crawfurd do for Singapore?

He collected revenue from opium and arrack farms and also introduced licenses for pawnbrokers and the manufacture and sale of gunpowder. As a vigorous proponent of free trade, Crawfurd abolished anchorage and other port fees, making Singapore unique as a port that was free from tariffs and port charges.

Who are the 2 founders of Singapore?

Three figureheads from the East India Company played crucial roles in the founding and early establishment of Modern Singapore. They were namely Sir Stamford Raffles, the recognised founder of Modern Singapore, William Farquhar and John Crawfurd, the first two Residents of Singapore.

Who was Dr John Crawford?

John Crawfurd FRS (13 August 1783 – 11 May 1868) was a Scottish physician, colonial administrator and diplomat, and author.

John Crawfurd.

The Honourable Dr John Crawfurd FRS
In office 27 May 1823 – 15 August 1826
Appointed by Stamford Raffles
Monarch George IV
Preceded by William Farquhar

Who founded Singapore?

In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819.

How did the British obtain permission to establish a settlement on Singapore Island?

On 6 February 1819, Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdu’r Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor signed a treaty that gave the British East India Company (EIC) the right to set up a trading post in Singapore. It marked the birth of Singapore as a British settlement. …

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What was Singapore called before?

Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.

Why did Singapore get kicked out of Malaysia?

On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.

Who made Singapore great?

Lee Kuan Yew

Lee Kuan Yew GCMG CH SPMJ DK
show Offices before 1965
Personal details
Born Harry Lee Kuan Yew16 September 1923 Singapore, Straits Settlements
Died 23 March 2015 (aged 91) Singapore

Why was Farquhar fired?

Farquhar’s justification was that these measures were necessary to ensure the survival of the newly established trading post. … The conflict with Raffles came to a head during Raffles’s final stay in Singapore from 1822 to 1823, and led to Farquhar’s dismissal on 1 May 1823.