Why Indonesia’s climate is so varied?
Temperature and rainfall vary across its different islands due to elevation and monsoon patterns. The dry season is mainly influenced by the Australian continental air masses while the wet season is influenced by air masses from mainland Asia and the Pacific Ocean.
How is the climate change in Indonesia?
Global warming takes its course in Indonesia with surface temperatures increasing from 0.2 to 0.3 of a degree Celsius per decade. This impacts precipitation patterns, causing a wetter climate in Sumatra and Kalimantan but drier seasons in Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara.
Why does climate vary in different areas?
The climate of a region depends on many factors including the amount of sunlight it receives, its height above sea level, the shape of the land, and how close it is to oceans. Since the equator receives more sunlight than the poles, climate varies depending on its distance from the equator.
Does Indonesia have 4 seasons?
Being a tropical country, Indonesia does not have spring, summer, autumn, or winter, instead of just the two seasons of Rainy and Dry, both of which are relative.
Is Indonesia very humid?
Split by the equator, indonesia has an almost entirely tropical climate, with the coastal plains averaging 28°C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26°C, and the higher mountain regions, 23°C. The area’s relative humidity is quite high, and ranges between 70 and 90 percent.
Is Indonesia affected by climate change?
Indonesia is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Indonesia is also extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Climate change will impact many aspects of Indonesia, including its economy, poor populace, human health, and the environment.
How bad is climate change in Indonesia?
Massive coral bleaching and warming sea-surface temperatures can lead to widespread loss of coral reefs, and substantial loss of biodiversity, including the fish that many Indonesians rely on for food and livelihoods.
Is Indonesia vulnerable to climate change?
Indonesia is vulnerable to climate change due to its high population density – especially in coastal areas, and strong dependence on natural resources for income generation and consumption.
What are the 4 factors that affect climate?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
How important are accurate climate predictions?
Climate predictions help anticipate major weather events that impact the production levels of world crops. … Climate predictions of smaller weather events that, due to their timing, have a significant impact on crop yields are also important.
How does latitude affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.