Is Indonesia very polluted?
According to the AQLI, as 80 percent of Indonesia’s population of over 250 million is exposed to annual average pollution concentrations above the WHO guideline, the country has the fifth highest loss of life-years due to particulate pollution in the world.
How bad is the air pollution in Indonesia?
“Unhealthy” figures are between 55.5 and 150.4 µg/m³,whilst “Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups” are between 35.5 and 55.4 µg/m³. In thecity of Pekanbaru, a “Very unhealthy “figure was recorded in September thisyear with a concentration of 214.9 µg/m³.
What is causing air pollution in Jakarta?
Air quality analysis, including data from the Indonesian government, shows emissions from cars and other transport make up about 75 per cent of Jakarta’s pollution. Industry, coal-fired power plants, and backyard burning are also major contributors.
What is the main reason for pollution?
Air pollution is caused by solid and liquid particles and certain gases that are suspended in the air. These particles and gases can come from car and truck exhaust, factories, dust, pollen, mold spores, volcanoes and wildfires.
What is the dirtiest body of water?
1. Citarum River, Indonesia. The Citarum is the main river in West Java, Indonesia, and famous for being the most polluted waterway in the world.
Is Indonesia the most polluted country?
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – The latest annual IQAir quality report on the world’s most polluted countries in 2020 ranks Indonesia 9th and is listed as having generally unhealthy air quality index (AQI).
Why is Jakarta sinking?
Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea-level rise. But Indonesia’s biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it’s causing the city to sink.
Does Jakarta have bad pollution?
The severe air pollution in Jakarta stems mostly from vehicle emissions, factories and coal-fired power plants. According to a 2017 Greenpeace report titled Jakarta’s Silent Killer, eight coal-fired power plants operate within 100 kilometers of Jakarta, producing hazardous pollutants that affect the capital city.
How does pollution affect Indonesia?
It also exacerbates asthma and emphysema. Long term effects include lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory illness, and developing allergies. Air pollution is also associated with heart attacks and strokes.
How can we reduce pollution in Jakarta?
Jakarta’s 14 Solutions to Tackle Pollution
- Improving the monitoring and measurement of the city’s air quality.
- Applying vehicle’s emissions test.
- Increasing the role of society in improving air quality.
- Developing environmentally friendly public transportation.
- Supplying more eco-friendly sources of fuel.