What is the agrarian reform in the Philippines?
The Philippine agrarian reform programme encompasses much more than land redistribution and support services and covers the following additional components: land transfer activities, land settlement, leasehold operations, stock distribution options, production and profit sharing, development of beneficiaries, and land …
What is the current agrarian reform program?
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms, known also as CARPER or CARPer, (Republic Act 9700) is the amendatory law that extends again the deadline of distributing agricultural lands to farmers for five years. It also amends other provisions stated in CARP.
What is the general condition of the current agrarian system in the Philippines?
The Agrarian Situation
It is estimated that 75 percent of the country’s poor live in the rural areas. Given the official rural poverty incidence of 38 percent (compared to 14 percent for urban areas), there are at least 13 million rural-dwelling Filipinos suffering in poverty.
Is agrarian reform still a government priority in the Philippines?
The Philippines is one of the very few countries worldwide where agrarian reform is still considered to be a major on-going government programme. For centuries, a high level of land concentration resulted in widespread peasant unrest.
What are the benefits of agrarian reform in the Philippines?
These include higher farm income and yield, improved land tenure, access to market and credit, and reduction of poverty incidence among farmer- beneficiaries.
What is the importance of agrarian reform in the Philippines?
Agrarian reform is important to rural democratisation and the land-dependent rural poor’s enjoyment of basic human rights. Philippine society is shaped by a land-based power structure and regional rural elites’ control of vast tracts of land serves as their ticket to elective office.
What are the benefits of agrarian reform?
Agrarian reform not only distribute land to concern fairly land ownership but also optimize land uses to improve people income . Fairly land ownership reduces land conflict. It’s hoped that non conflict land and certainty of ownership increase land productivity.
Who are the agrarian reform beneficiaries?
Of these targeted beneficiaries, 99,580 are rice farmers tilling 178,801 hectares; 37,772 corn farmers, 72,506 hectares; and 85,760 commercial crop farmers, 78,633 hectares.
Is the agrarian reform successful?
In her study of 12 years of CARP implementation, Reyes (2001) says: “The results show that agrarian reform has had a positive impact on farmer-beneficiaries. It has led to increased real per capita incomes and reduced poverty incidence between 1990 and 2000.
What is the possible reason for the agrarian reform to succeed?
In those areas, agrarian reform succeeded because both agriculture productivity and farmer incomes increased. … Both agriculture productivity and farmer incomes increased. Agrarian reform succeeded, even if the support services provided by the government in those areas were still less than desired.
What do you think is the most significant agrarian law?
CARL is the most comprehensive agrarian reform law because it covers all private and public lands and other lands suitable for agriculture regardless of tenurial agreement and crops produced. The law also adopted various progressive provisions needed by small and marginal farmers to have equitable land.
Why do Filipino farmers remain poor?
The reasons are three-fold: the lack of accountability among farmer cooperative leaders; cooperatives and farmers’ associations are formed mainly to access government dole-outs; and the government agency (e.g., CDA), which has oversight responsibility on cooperatives, is oriented towards regulations of cooperatives …