Frequent question: Why Philippines is considered as one of the most rich countries in terms of flora and fauna?

Why does the Philippines have a high diversity of flora and fauna?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.

What part of the Philippines is rich in flora and fauna?

As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.

How rich is the Philippines in terms of biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.

What is the current status of animal diversity in the Philippines?

Currently, the country has more than 700 threatened plant and animal species based on the national list of DENR. This includes 42 species of terrestrial mammals, 127 birds, 24 reptiles, 14 amphibians and 76 fish species.

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Why is the Philippines a Megadiversity hotspot?

Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot

It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.

What are the famous Flora S in the Philippines?

The families of gingers, begonias, gesneriads, orchids, pandans, palms, and dipterocarps are particularly high in endemic species. For example, two-thirds of the 150 species of palms present in the country are found nowhere else in the world.

What are some examples of flora?

Some examples of flora include- grasslands, forests, flowering and non-flowering plants and trees. Fauna: fauna means the animals naturally living in that area. Few examples of fauna include- birds, animals, fish, insects, etc.

What is the greatest threat to Philippine biodiversity Why?

The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.

What are the threats biodiversity?

The core threats to biodiversity are human population growth and unsustainable resource use. To date, the most significant causes of extinctions are habitat loss, introduction of exotic species, and overharvesting. … Habitat loss occurs through deforestation, damming of rivers, and other activities.

What is the ecosystem in the Philippines?

The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines

General Types (Higher Level) Sub-types (Lower Level)
Freshwater Ecosystem Lacustrine: Lakes and ponds Riverine: rivers, streams, creeks Palustrine: marshes
Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp
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