What causes pollution in Jakarta?
The severe air pollution in Jakarta stems mostly from vehicle emissions, factories and coal-fired power plants. According to a 2017 Greenpeace report titled Jakarta’s Silent Killer, eight coal-fired power plants operate within 100 kilometers of Jakarta, producing hazardous pollutants that affect the capital city.
Why is Indonesia polluted?
Contributors to poor air quality in Indonesia include the mining and oil and gas industries, automobile manufacturing, vehicle emissions, and forest fires. Seasonal variations exist, with the highest levels of air pollution occurring during the dry season (June to October) due to forest fires.
How bad is Jakarta air pollution?
In regards to Jakarta’s pollution problems, statistically speaking it comes in with a poor quality of air. In 2019, it came in with a PM2. 5 yearly average of 49.4 µg/m³.
What are the main sources of air pollution in the Jakarta area?
Vehicle exhaust, coal combustion, open burning, construc- tion, road dust, and resuspended soil particles are the main sources of air pollution in Jakarta. 10%–18% were observed across the city, most evidently in the east (LB), due to dry conditions.
What are the problems in Jakarta?
Since 1990, major floods have happened every few years in Jakarta, with tens of thousands of people often displaced. The monsoon in 2007 brought especially damaging floods, with more than 70 percent of the city submerged. Rapid urbanization, land use change, and population growth have exacerbated the problem.
Is Indonesia a clean country?
Many analysts have described Indonesia as having among the worst water quality in Asia. Several cities and towns have inadequate and unclean water sources that have reached critical levels.
Is Jakarta the most polluted city in the world?
Jakarta is routinely ranked among the most polluted major cities in the world, with experts estimating that poor air quality causes 5.5 million cases of disease here each year, amounting to 6.8 trillion rupiah ($477 million) in health costs.
What is the level of pollution in Jakarta?
The report found that Jakarta’s air pollution had increased 66 percent over two years, with the annual concentration of PM2. 5 increasing from 29.7 mcg/m³ in 2017 to 49.4 mcg/m³ in 2019. During the physical distancing period, Jakarta still recorded unhealthy levels of air quality, according to AirVisual data.
How do people living in Jakarta get their drinking water?
The most common water source for Jakarta mainly comes from water purification from Citarum River and from other areas outside Jakarta, such as Jatiluhur Dam (Figure 5). The second water source option is groundwater. Unfortunately, groundwater was not very dependable water source for domestic needs.
How can we reduce pollution in Jakarta?
Jakarta’s 14 Solutions to Tackle Pollution
- Improving the monitoring and measurement of the city’s air quality.
- Applying vehicle’s emissions test.
- Increasing the role of society in improving air quality.
- Developing environmentally friendly public transportation.
- Supplying more eco-friendly sources of fuel.