What countries have a civil law system?
France and Germany are two examples of countries with a civil law system. Common law systems, while they often have statutes, rely more on precedent, judicial decisions that have already been made. Common law systems are adversarial, rather than investigatory, with the judge moderating between two opposing parties.
How are laws made in Indonesia?
The Indonesian House of Representatives has the power to make laws. Every bill is deliberated by the House, together with the President, for a joint approval. The bills may come from the House, the President, or the Regional Representative Council (DPD).
What is the criminal justice system of Indonesia?
Indonesia’s complex justice system evolved from three inherited sources of law: customary or adat law, Islamic law (sharia), and Dutch colonial law. The judicial branch is independent and coequal with executive and legislative branches, with Supreme Court and Constitutional Court at apex of judicial system.
What is considered rude in Indonesia?
So when shaking hands, offering a gift, handing or receiving something, eating, pointing or generally touching another person, it is considered proper etiquette to always use your right hand. Pointing toward someone with forefinger is considered rude.
Why Indonesia is a civil law country?
Law of Indonesia is based on a civil law system, intermixed with customary law and the Roman Dutch law. … Dutch presence and subsequent occupation of Indonesia for 350 years has left a legacy of Dutch colonial law, largely in the Indonesia civil code.
What are the 4 types of civil law?
Four of the most important types of civil law deal with 1) contracts, 2) property, 3) family relations, and 4) civil wrongs causing physical injury or injury to property (tort).
What are the two most common types of civil law cases?
The two most common types of civil cases involve contracts and torts. In deciding cases, courts apply statutes and legal precedent.
How corrupt is Indonesia?
Transparency International’s 2020 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 102th place out of 180 countries, dropped from 96 the previous year. There are two key areas in the public sector in which corruption in Indonesia can be found.
What is the legal age in Indonesia?
The Age of Consent in Indonesia is 16 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity.
Who makes Indonesian law?
The legislative power is held by the House of Representative (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat – “DPR”) and the Senate (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah – “DPD”) who are chosen through general elections every five years which also hold equal position towards other state institutions.
How does the civil law system work?
In a civil law system, the judge’s role is to establish the facts of the case and to apply the provisions of the applicable code. Though the judge often brings the formal charges, investigates the matter, and decides on the case, he or she works within a framework es- tablished by a comprehensive, codified set of laws.
How many courts are there in Indonesia?
The Supreme Court has oversight over the high courts (Pengadilan Tinggi) and district courts (Pengadilan Negeri). There are about 68 high courts: 31 General Courts, 29 Religious Courts, 4 Administrative Courts and 4 Military Courts.
How does China justice system work?
According to the Constitution and the Organic Law of the People’s Courts of 1979 as amended in 1983, China practices a system of courts characterized by ” four levels and two instance of trials”. … The local people’s courts are divided into basic people’s courts, intermediate people’s courts and higher people’s courts.